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Conditions We Treat

Nephrology

The pediatric nephrology team at Phoenix Children’s treats all conditions affecting the kidneys.

  • Acute and chronic kidney failure
  • Congenital renal diseases, such as congenital nephrotic syndrome: Congenital diseases are present at birth, although they may be diagnosed later in life.
  • Cystinosis: This is an inherited disorder that causes the amino acid cystine to collect in kidney cells.
  • End-stage kidney disease (ESKD): Many kidney conditions can lead to end-stage renal disease. Treatment for ESKD can include dialysis and a kidney transplant. This condition is sometimes also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
  • Fluid and electrolyte problems: These can lead to chemical imbalances in the body that damage the kidneys and other organs.
  • Glomerular diseases, including:
    • Alport syndrome (hereditary nephritis): This is an inherited disorder that causes deafness, kidney damage and eye defects.
    • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS): This is scarring in the filtering units in the kidneys called the glomeruli.
    • Glomerulonephritis
  • Hematuria: This is blood in the urine.
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome: Usually caused by an E. coli infection, this condition can be caused by blockages in the kidney’s small structures. We coordinate care for this frequently with urology. Kidney infections can cause scarring that over time can threaten the kidneys’ ability to clean the blood.
  • Hypertension
  • Interstitial nephropathy: This condition causes swelling between the kidney tubules, tiny filters that clean the blood.
  • Kidney stones (nephrolithiasis)
  • Lowe’s syndrome: This genetic disorder primarily affects the kidneys, vision and brain development.
  • Lupus nephritis: This is a type of kidney disease that can affect people with lupus. We coordinate closely with rheumatology to manage patients who have this condition.
  • Multicystic dysplastic kidney: A condition in which typically one kidney does not develop properly in the womb.
  • Nephrotic syndrome: This condition causes protein in the urine, low protein in the blood, and tissue swelling.
  • Polycystic kidney disease: This genetic disorder causes many fluid-filled cysts to grow in the kidneys.
  • Proteinuria: This is protein in the urine.
  • Reflux nephropathy: Urine flowing backward from the bladder toward the kidneys causes kidney damage.
  • Renal dysplasia: This occurs when one or both of a baby’s kidneys develop abnormally in the womb. It can cause fluid-filled sacs to replace normal kidney tissue.
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